Kargil Vijay Diwas 2021: History and Significance; PM Modi pays tribute to martyrs

Kargil Day is celebrated in India to remember the sacrifices made by the Army personnel during the Kargil War of 1999. The conflict, called ‘Operation Vijay’, was waged by India and Pakistan in the Kargil region of Jammu and Kashmir. The Indian Army announced a victorious conclusion to Operation Vijay on July 26, 1999, claiming victory after nearly three months of fighting on the icy heights of Kargil. He regained the heights occupied by the Pakistani Army and hoisted the tricolor in the high altitude area.

After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, the two countries rarely participated in direct armed confrontation, despite the fact that both countries made frequent attempts to control the Siachen Glacier by establishing military posts on the surrounding mountain peaks . This culminated in military conflicts in the 1980s, which became worse in the 1990s.

The nuclear tests conducted by both India and Pakistan in 1998 further aggravated the situation. When it seemed that all was lost, the two countries signed the Lahore Declaration in February 1999 to seek a diplomatic solution to the Kashmir dispute.

According to some sources, Pakistan’s armed forces were secretly training their soldiers to cross the Line of Control (LoC) in India in the same year. Their goal was to cut the link between Ladakh and Kashmir, as well as to force the Indian armed forces to leave the Siachen Glacier.

The nature of this incursion was previously unknown to the Indian Armed Forces. Believing that they were jihadis, the Indian military forces evicted them within a few days. However, it was only after this that he realized that Pakistan’s overall plan of attack was much larger, and discovered infiltration along the LoC.

The Indian government responded boldly with Operation Vijay, recruiting approximately 200,000 Indian soldiers for the war. Every year on 26th July this date is remembered and honored as Kargil Vijay Diwas. The day is a proud occasion for every Indian, and is widely celebrated across the country.

Pakistan initially denied any involvement in the fighting. It supported its position by claiming that India was engaged in conflict with “Kashmiri freedom warriors”. Later, the government awarded medals to its soldiers for their service during the battle. This made his role in the Kargil war clear.

In India, the day the Army declared the operation successful on 26 July is now celebrated every year as Kargil Vijay Diwas. The conflict prompted the government to increase defense spending in the next fiscal year.

PM Modi paid tribute

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday, in the 79th edition of his monthly program ‘Mann Ki Baat’, paid tribute to the armed forces who made the country proud in the 1999 Kargil War and appealed to people to support the Indian Olympic team on social media. ‘Victory Punch Campaign’.

He said: “Tomorrow is Kargil Vijay Diwas. The Kargil war is such a symbol of the valor and discipline of our armed forces that the whole world has seen. I would like you to read the exciting story of Kargil. Let us all salute the brave hearts of Kargil.”

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