With greater access to Metro, Delhiites will love it as their main mode of travel

With greater accessibility to the metro network, people of Delhi would prefer it as the “main mode” for travel via MMTS, said researchers exploring a sustainable multimodal transport system (MMTS) with higher reach. In a recently published study titled “GIS and Gravity Model-Based Accessibility Measurement for Delhi Metro”, researchers have also claimed that the implementation of the Phase IV project of Delhi Metro will reduce the average travel time between zones and metro. could. station.”

The study was conducted at three different levels – measurement of access, policy for access, and relationship of access with MMTS. MMTS explores the coordinated use of two or more modes of transport for safer, faster and more comfortable movement of passengers in urban areas.

“Delhi’s traffic congestion and environmental conditions are continuously deteriorating, and to improve the situation, a sustainable Multi-Modal Transport System (MMTS) with high accessibility should be explored,” the study said.

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Due to the increasing population and migration of people from nearby places to Delhi for work, education and business, the condition of the city’s roads and environment is deteriorating. To improve accessibility, it is necessary to create a policy around accessibility.
The paper also discusses the policy that “accessibility will be improved by expanding the metro network and making the metro available within walking distance.”

“With improved accessibility through metro, there will be less air and noise pollution due to less congestion on roads as commuters will prefer MMTS.” “From these study results, we can conclude that the use of access policy for planning a city like Delhi will help in the development of the city in a sustainable way.”

Under the approved section of the ongoing Phase-IV project, 65 km of new metro lines will be constructed in three separate corridors with 45 stations. These new sections will provide inter-connectivity between the already operational lines of Delhi Metro.

According to the government, the Mukundpur-Maujpur, RK Ashram-Janakpuri West and Aerocity-Tughlakabad corridors were approved by the cabinet. Work on Phase IV began in December 2019 with an important function but was hit in March 2020 following the outbreak of COVID-19 in Delhi.

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In the paper, “The policy to improve zone-to-zone metro accessibility for work purposes is discussed and the relationship between multimodal transport systems with accessibility” was studied using software models. It has been observed that with the addition and expansion of metro lines, transport accessibility has improved significantly. The study also suggests that “the percentage of areas with high access levels in Delhi may increase from 5 to 13.88 with the implementation of Phase IV of the Metro.”

In addition, the implementation of Phase IV may reduce the average travel time between zones and metro stations. It will also reduce the travel time between metro stations to a great extent (for the areas covered in the study, the average travel time has come down by 23.63 per cent and for the stations it is reduced by 17.73 per cent), it said.

In addition, the study can be scaled up by using metro fares as a parameter. It said, “The fare of Delhi Metro is high and it will be higher after the implementation of Phase IV Metro plan. This may restrict the low income group and students to prefer Metro.”

In addition, improving metro accessibility requires the availability of a metro within walkable distance and a safe environment for pedestrians, the researchers said.

(with inputs from PTI)

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