Threat in the Sky – Gap in the Drone Rules 2021

Prime Minister Narendra Modi is personally focusing on drone technology to accelerate development in all walks of life. In line with this objective, the Drone Rules 2021 notified by the Government of India on August 252021 seeks to reform and bring about far-reaching changes in the regulatory regime for drones.

Drones have many uses and offer ample benefits. Therefore, they will be valuable at large and scale in areas such as defence, agriculture, construction, land and topography mapping, logistics and emergency medical supplies, remote sensing, commercial aerial surveillance, disaster relief, oil-gas-mineral exploration, film production will be deployed. fire management, and a plethora of other powerful uses.

danger from drones

But drones also pose a serious threat to the security, privacy and cyber security of any country. Covert surveillance, nefarious activities, espionage and armed attacks are real world threats and problems. Terrorists, terrorists and insurgents have been quick to understand the potential of drones and to evade security and use it to their advantage. It is possible for them to access or survey hitherto unknown, inaccessible and high security places.

Then there is the danger of hacking of drones, drone data, mobiles and other devices connected to the drone. Drones pose a cyber-security threat like never before. Hackers and terrorists don’t need their own drones – they can hack any drone system, regardless of ownership, take control of the device, and command it however they wish. They can even soup-up or modify these drones to launch a complex and sophisticated attack on any installation.

With the proliferation of drone technology and the entry of more and more drones into the airspace, the issues will multiply manifold. Hackers and terrorists will become more capable of exploiting vulnerabilities and security loopholes to disturb peace and tranquility.

Chinese import of drone parts and sub-systems

Drones and drone parts can be imported easily in India. Those items are available in hobby stores, online marketplaces like Amazon and Flipkart, and electronics markets across the country. Anyone can buy these parts and one day assemble a drone and use it for destructive purposes or intentions.

Most drones have a video camera. As a result, hackers can quickly obtain the recorded data by hijacking the device. For drones that automatically upload recorded data in real-time for storage in the cloud, these cloud storage platforms must have a high level of firewalls and access controls to prevent unauthorized access, monitoring and use .

Most of the drones available around the world are either manufactured in China or have significant components made in China. Therefore, the overall reliability of these drones is a big question mark. There is a global concern regarding various hardware and software components of Chinese origin.

They have been found to record and transmit data secretly and without any authorization or notification to the construction company. Given that most security agencies, armed forces and law enforcement agencies around the world deploy China-made DJI drones for surveillance applications, the fundamental issue of national security and the security of drone data becomes paramount.

Most drones are paired with a mobile phone/device. There is a high chance that Chinese manufacturers can access GPS waypoint information fed into mobile apps because mobile phones are connected to the Internet. Imagine the plight when an agency entrusted with the country’s security and security is inadvertently passing on sensitive information to a hostile entity, making the entire effort counter-productive.

Limitations and Potential Threats in Existing Drone Rules 2021

National security cannot be compromised: Nishkant Ojha The freedom to develop UAS (Unmanned Aircraft Systems) without stringent licensing norms should not and should not be at the cost of national security. Every organization must be careful and actively prepared to recognize and counter the threat posed by the UAS. Accordingly, they need to be ready with defense mechanisms starting from geofencing and drone fencing around their critical installations.

Reality cannot be ignored. These are the early days of drone development. Capabilities are set to expand over the next few years. Society, regulators and law enforcement need to be aware of the dangers this poses. Developed tools with good reason can be misused for destructive purposes.

For example, consider China’s latest development – ​​a solar-powered drone that will soon be capable of sustainable flight. Add to this modern high-powered camera technology and facial recognition, and the result is a drone that can fly indefinitely until it recognizes a pre-programmed target. Then, with a smaller warhead that wouldn’t require a military-quality drone, the specific target could be detected and eliminated automatically. It may sound like science fiction, but today it is possible.

The biggest single problem is that drones are not adequately regulated. Unfortunately, no single agency has claimed the overall authority to provide the regulation necessary to prevent drones from becoming a serious threat within society.

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