India ranks top globally in emissions related to crop burning: Report

According to a new report released by climate tech startup Blue Sky Analytics, India tops crop burning-related emissions for 13 per cent of total global emissions for the period 2015-2020, which is also part of the global alliance. “Climate Trace”. Blue Sky Analytics, an Indian climate tech startup founded by an IIT alumnus, also pointed to India’s contribution of 12.2 per cent to cropland fire emissions in 2020.

Data in the report reveals new insights into recent trends in biomass fires, including emissions from forest and crop residue fires in India. For example, the data confirms the declining trend in crop fires seen between 2016 and 2019, citing an 11.39 percent reduction in GHG emissions due to crop fires over the said period. However, it also points to a 12.8 per cent increase in emissions in 2019-20, increasing India’s global contribution to 12.2 per cent.

Climate Trace is a global alliance with the mission to accelerate climate action by providing independent high-resolution and near-real-time (GHG) emissions data. Its innovative approach fills a critical knowledge gap for countries that rely on a patchwork system of self-reporting that currently serves as the basis for most of the current emissions inventory.

“For effective climate action, it is necessary to have an independent, systems-level view of emissions. This is especially important for sources such as fires, which are rapidly increasing in frequency and scale, but whose emissions are still being measured. is also poorly tracked and accounts for most of the multi-sectoral list,” said Abhilasha Purwar, an Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) alumnus and Founder and CEO of Blue Sky Analytics.

Blue Sky Analytics’ emissions projections include both fires caused by human activities, including the burning of forest areas for conversion to agricultural land or crop residues, and wildfire activity, which creates a comprehensive picture of fire emissions. does. Characterized with satellite data sources and high-resolution global land cover maps for the identification of active fires, these estimates complement existing country-level reporting methods, which rely primarily on seasonal estimates and ground measurements of the burned area .

“For too long, climate action has been hampered by a lack of independent, verifiable data on emissions. Climate Trace is built on the assumption that we can only manage what we can measure,” said former US Vice President and Climate Trace Coalition member Al Gore explained.

“We are helping to create an equal playing field for everyone who wants to take an active role in reducing emissions – from government ministers and regulators to investors and business leaders to journalists and civic activists. Everything will emerge from the new era.”

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