Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid is caused by low thyroid hormone levels produced by the thyroid gland. The hormonal disorder may not cause noticeable symptoms in the early stages but can lead to a number of health complications such as obesity, joint pain, infertility and heart disease. The symptoms of underactive thyroid really vary from person to person. Although the most common symptoms are weight gain, fatigue and constipation, there are many lesser known signs that people are not aware of.
Here are the early signs and symptoms that a person should not avoid and go for a health check-up:
According to studies, about 30 percent of people with hypothyroidism experience a headache. Although this has not yet been proven, there are reasons that support this theory. An underactive thyroid slows down blood circulation to the brain and can therefore lead to headaches. In addition, fatigue, a common symptom of hypothyroidism, can also trigger migraine headaches.
Unknown and unmanaged thyroid affects a person’s cognitive functions. A person with a severely underactive thyroid may experience loss of concentration or memory loss. However, brain fog is more common in people who suffer from mild hypothyroidism or are in the early stages of an underactive thyroid.
Low levels of thyroid hormones can also cause mood swings, depression, sadness or anxiety. These are common symptoms that often go unnoticed or are misdiagnosed as clinical depression.
Dry skin is another unnoticed symptom that suffers from a person with an underactive thyroid. Low levels of thyroid hormone make the skin dry and lifeless. In addition, it can also cause thickening, scaling and itching of the skin. In some cases, the condition is severe and even causes dryness of the scalp, feet and toes.
Although hair fall is a common problem that occurs due to various reasons like stress, pollution, it is also an important sign of hypothyroidism. A person suffering from this hormonal imbalance may lose hair from the scalp and eyebrows because low levels of thyroid hormones slow down follicle stimulation. It usually begins 3-4 months after the onset of hypothyroidism.
Apart from these, if you feel swollen or swollen or tightness in throat in your thyroid gland, you should consult your health specialist. Difficulty or trouble swallowing and a swelling or lump near the throat are also common symptoms of hypothyroidism.
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