Explained: How the new 48MP camera on iPhone 14 Pro models works – Times of India

The new iPhone 14 lineup is here, and the ‘Pro’ models, the iPhone 14 Pro and 14 Pro Max, have come with some major camera upgrades after the last few years. After seven years, the main camera has been upgraded from a 12MP sensor to a much-larger 48MP sensor. Meanwhile, the other two cameras remain at 12MP but with minor improvements. The major highlight of the new iPhone 14 Pro model is its 48MP, which has been around in the industry for a while but has come to an iPhone for the first time. Here’s how the new 48MP on the iPhone 14 Pro works.
The 48MP camera on the iPhone 14 Pro Max is no different than other high-megapixel count cameras you would have seen on other smartphones. First, by default, it clicks a 12MP picture. Secondly, the sensor crops out the outer portion of the image using the middle 12 megapixels of the sensor to capture full-resolution 12MP images and 4K videos without losing out on quality.
Can you click pictures in the full 48 megapixels resolution
Yes, with the ProRaw, you can take a 48MP image. But, otherwise, the 48MP quad-pixel sensor utilises pixel-binning technology, clicking 12MP pictures.
How does pixel binning work
In layman’s terms, pixel binning is a process of combining four pixels into one. So, the sensor combines four pixels into one large quad-pixel, which according to Apple, is equivalent to 2.44 µm. This improves low-light results while keeping the photo size at 12 megapixels.
Apple promises 2x improvement in the pictures shot in low-light scenarios, as the camera uses virtual pixels to take a 12-megapixel shot that offers reduced noise and better clarity. However, in well-lit situations, one can click a 48MP image with abundant pixels, resulting in better details.