Everything you need to know about male fertility

Female infertility is a topic that is often talked about and highlighted when it comes to starting a family. Women do not shy away from getting a fertility test done. However, when it comes to men, there is still a taboo in our society associated with male fertility. Even today, men are kept in the shadows under the pressure of pregnancy. But we must understand that just like women, men are equally responsible for the process of conception. Their sexual health is as important as that of their partner. As yesterday marked the start of International Men’s Health Week, let’s take some time to learn all about male fertility and sperm count that can help a man prevent sexual dysfunctions.

causes of male infertility

According to a report from the Mayo Clinic, 1 out of every 7 couples faces infertility. Infertility in men can occur due to various reasons and one of them majorly is low sperm count. Illnesses, injuries, chronic health problems, lifestyle choices and other factors can all affect the production of sperm in men. Sometimes men also get blockage due to which semen is not able to flow. This condition is known as ejaculatory duct obstruction. Azoospermia, a rare condition, is also a concern when it comes to sperm count. In this condition no sperm are found in the semen.

sperm health

Sperm health plays the most important role in determining fertile health in men. Although this condition is quite rare, it is still a matter of concern. A healthy sperm count depends on various factors such as volume and movement.

Semen discharges millions of sperms in a single ejaculation. The most common number is between 15 million and 20 million. If the number is too low, the chances of fertilization are reduced.

Not only the quantity, the way the sperms travel to the female body for fertilization also matters. In order to reach the egg, the sperm must swim in a curved manner through the female cervix.

ways to increase fertility in men

balanced diet

What we eat has a direct impact on our overall health and immunity. You should also take nutritious diet to increase fertility. Try to include foods rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin D and Zinc as they are known to be beneficial in increasing the sperm count.


Exercise is a proven way to improve overall health, including fertility. It is believed that by exercising daily you can see an increase in testosterone levels which will further help in improving fertility.

quit smoking and alcohol

Excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco can lead to fertility problems. Heavy drinking is said to lower testosterone levels and cause the testes to shrink, which can lead to impotence in men.

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