Dying stars, dancing galaxies, stellar nurseries captured by new NASA telescope

NASA on Tuesday unveiled a new batch of images from its powerful new space telescope, including a foamy blue and orange shot of a dying star.

First image from the $10 billion James Webb Space Telescope was released on monday In the White House – a rumble of distant galaxies that went deeper into the universe than humanity has ever seen.

Four additional photos released Tuesday include more cosmic beauty shots.

With one exception, the latest images showed parts of the universe seen by other telescopes. But Webb’s enormous power, its distance of 1 million miles from Earth and its use of the infrared light spectrum, showed them in a new light.

“Every image is a new discovery and each will give humanity a view of the universe that we have never seen before,” NASA Administrator Bill Nelson said on Tuesday.

The use of the Webb of the Infrared Light Spectrum allows the telescope to see through cosmic dust and see “distant light from the corners of the universe”.

This image released by NASA on July 12, 2022 combines the capabilities of the James Webb Space Telescope’s two cameras to create a never-before-seen view of a star-forming region in the Carina Nebula. (NASA, ESA, CSA, STSCI via AP)

“We have really changed our understanding of the universe,” said Joseph Eschbacher, director general of the European Space Agency.

European and Canadian space agencies joined with NASA in building the powerful telescope.

Images released Tuesday include one of the Southern Ring Nebula, sometimes referred to as the “eight-blast.” About 2,500 light-years away, it shows a rising cloud of gas around a dying star. A light year is 5.8 trillion miles. Also shown is an image of the Carina Nebula, one of the brightest stellar nurseries in the sky, about 7,600 light-years away.

This combo of images, provided by NASA on July 12, 2022, shows a side-by-side comparison of observations of the Southern Ring Nebula, at left, and in mid-infrared light, from the Webb telescope in near-infrared light. , (NASA, ESA, CSA, and STScI via AP)

Five galaxies in a cosmic dance 290 million light-years away were also shown in the new batch of images. Stephen’s Quintet was first observed 225 years ago in the constellation Pegasus.

In addition, a blue giant planet named WASP-96b appeared. It is about the size of Saturn and is 1,150 light-years away. A gas planet, it is not a candidate for life elsewhere but an important target for astronomers.

This image provided by NASA on July 12, 2022 shows Stephan’s Quintet, a visible cluster of five galaxies captured by the Webb telescope’s Mid-Infrared Instrument (MIRI). (NASA, ESA, CSA, and STScI via AP)

The images were released one by one at an event at NASA’s Goddard Space Center that included fanfare cheerleaders the color of the telescope’s golden mirrors.

The world’s largest and most powerful space telescope took off from French Guiana in South America last December. It reached its lookout point 1 million miles (1.6 million kilometers) from Earth in January. Then the lengthy process began to align the mirrors, cooling the infrared detectors enough to operate and calibrate the science instruments, all protected by a sunshade the size of a tennis court that kept the telescope cool.

Webb is considered the successor to the highly successful, but aging Hubble Space Telescope.

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