Africa’s rare glaciers will soon disappear: Climate Report – Times of India

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Nairobi: AfricaRare glaciers will disappear over the next two decades because of climate change, a new report warned on Tuesday, amid broad forecasts of pain for the continent, which contributes the least to global warming but will suffer the most.
report from world meteorological organization and other agencies, released ahead of the United Nations climate conference in Scotland starting October 31, is a grim reminder that Africa’s 1.3 billion people remain “extremely vulnerable” as the continent continues to grow at a faster rate than the global average. gets hot.
And yet 54 countries in Africa account for less than 4 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions.
The new report captures the shrinking glaciers of Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Kenya and Mount Rwenzori in Uganda as symbols of rapid and widespread changes to come.
“Their current rate of return is higher than the global average. If this continues, it will lead to total glaciation by the 2040s,” it says.
Mass displacement, hunger and increasing climate shocks such droughts and floods are in the future, and yet a lack of climate data in parts of Africa is “having a major impact” on disaster warnings for millions of people. social support act Secretary General peteri talas said at the launch on Tuesday.
Estimates of the economic impacts of climate change vary across the African continent, but “in sub-Saharan Africa, climate change could reduce GDP by up to 3 percent by 2050,” Josefa Lionel Correa Sacco The African Union Commission wrote in the report.
“Not only is the physical condition getting worse, but the number of people affected is also increasing.”
By 2030, says Sacco, 118 million extremely poor people, or those living on less than $1.90 per day, “will be exposed to drought, floods and extreme heat in Africa if adequate response measures are not taken.”
Already, the United Nations has warned that the Indian Ocean island nation of Madagascar is one where “famine-like conditions are driven by climate change.”
Despite further threats to the African continent, African voices are under-represented in global climate meetings and among authors of the important Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Scientific Assessment, compared to richer regions. African participation in IPCC The report has been “extremely low”, according to Future Climate for Africa, a multi-country research programme.
The upfront cost is huge. “complete“Africa will need an investment of more than $3 trillion in mitigation and adaptation by 2030 to implement its (national climate plans), which will require significant, accessible and predictable flows of conditional finance,” WMO’s Talas he said.
“The cost of adapting to climate change in Africa will increase to $50 billion a year by 2050, even assuming international efforts to keep global warming below 2 degrees Celsius.”